European Heritage sites are milestones in the creation of today’s Europe. Spanning from the dawn of civilization to the Europe we see today, these sites celebrate and symbolise European ideals, values, history and integration.
Since 2013, 29 sites have been designated. Kaunas of 1919-1940, the only site in Lithuania (a total of 44 buildings including the Christ's Resurrection Basilica, Kaunas Sports Hall, Pienocentras office building etc,), is part of the list together with Pan-European Picnic Memorial Park, Sopron (Hungary), Camp Westerbork (The Netherlands), Archive of the Crown of Aragon, Barcelona (Spain) and other sites that have been carefully selected for their symbolic value, the role they have played in the European history and activities they offer that bring the European Union and its citizens closer together.
What makes the European Heritage label unique and how is it different from the UNESCO World Heritage List? There are three key differences:
During the interwar period, the city of Kaunas was the temporary capital of Lithuania and developed into a modern, vibrant and dynamic cultural centre of the country. Many Lithuanians who had studied in other European countries brought back knowledge and ideas to Kaunas, where a fruitful mix of modern tendencies and old traditions prompted the country's prosperous development in the city's architecture of the period.
Find out more about the selection of Kaunas from the panel's report linked here.